Maximize2045: A Performance-Based Transportation Plan

The regional transportation plan currently in development continues the theme of its predecessor, Maximize2040. That is, make the best use of—or maximize—the resources that comprise and support the region’s transportation system. This development process will involve gathering and analyzing data on the transportation needs, demographic trends, environmental concerns, economic factors, and financial resources that will shape the region over the next 25-30 years.

Informing this process is the continued reliance on a performance-based approach to planning and programming transportation projects. This approach provides a framework for the region to monitor progress toward regional goals through performance measures and targets. This approach also enables the BRTB to make informed decisions about how best to maintain, operate, and enhance the existing transportation system and to apply limited financial resources.


Below is a general timeline showing the major milestones in the development of Maximize2045. This timeline represents the best estimate given current expectations and will be subject to change as plan development proceeds.

Throughout the development of Maximize2045, the BRTB will consult and coordinate with local jurisdictions, the Maryland Department of Transportation and its modal agencies, other state agencies such as the Maryland Department of the Environment and the Maryland Department of Planning, other partner agencies, the public, and other stakeholder groups.

Goals and Strategies

On February 28, 2017, the BRTB adopted nine goals, with supporting strategies, to serve as an overarching set of guiding principles for Maximize2045. The BRTB developed these goals and strategies with input from its Public Advisory Committee, its Technical Committee, and BMC staff.

Approved Goals & Strategies

While these goals and strategies continue the performance-based theme of Maximize2040, the BRTB did adopt some additional strategies to account for new federal requirements and emerging trends. These new strategies are intended to:

  • strengthen planning related to transportation system redundancy and evacuation routes
  • incorporate a new federal planning factor related to enhancing travel and tourism
  • acknowledge the need to consider emerging vehicle technologies and shared mobility options in project planning and programming.

Additional Material

Throughout the development of Maximize2045, the BRTB and BMC staff will update this page to add new material.

For the current Transportation Plans page, here is some text for a new paragraph about the development of the next plan (to be inserted above the current imagine 2060 paragraph):

2019 Regional Transportation Plan: Maximize2045

The BRTB has begun to develop an update of the regional transportation plan, known as Maximize2045: A Performance-Based Transportation Plan [link to new separate web page for Maximize2045]. The BRTB expects to adopt this plan update by July 2019. Developing Maximize2045 will involve consultation and coordination with local jurisdictions, the Maryland Department of Transportation and its modal agencies, other state agencies such as the Maryland Department of the Environment and the Maryland Department of Planning, other partner agencies, the public, and other stakeholder groups. Steps in this process will include formulating and adopting:

  • regional goals and implementation strategies [link to the goals and strategies on the Maximize2045 page]
  • regional performance measures and performance targets
  • criteria for evaluating candidate projects
  • population and employment forecasts
  • project cost estimates and forecasts of expected revenues

Once the BRTB has selected a tentative set of projects using this information, BMC staff will conduct travel demand modeling, air quality conformity modeling, and analysis of potential Environmental Justice effects of the major projects proposed for the plan. The BRTB will seek input from its partner agencies, its advisory groups, and the general public throughout the process of developing Maximize2045.

And here is some text for a new scenario planning section to replace the imagine 2060 section:

Scenario Planning to Support 2015 Regional Transportation Plan

The scenario planning that supported the development of the 2015 long-range transportation plan (known as Maximize2040: A Performance-Based Transportation Plan) was exploratory in nature. This initiative solicited public and focus group input on approximately 30 forces and trends that could significantly affect the ways in which we will live and travel over the next 25 years. This public and focus group input informed the development of three possible scenarios for the year 2040  These scenarios served as focal points of discussion at two stakeholder workshops. These scenarios assumed:

  • significant overflow of population and employment from DC to Baltimore
  • significant sea level rise and an increase in extreme weather events
  • significant advances in autonomous and connected vehicle technologies as well as growth in shared mobility options.

Output from these workshops included participants’ expectations of how these scenarios would affect socioeconomic indicators, travel trends, and regional performance measures. The workshop participants also developed recommendations for the types of projects in which the state and local jurisdictions could invest limited funds to better prepare for potential changes.
See Preparing for an Uncertain Future: Scenario Thinking for a Greater Baltimore Region 

For more information:

Terry Freeland,, 410-732-0500 x1028
Monica B. Haines Benkhedda,, 410-732-0500 x1047

Twitter_BaltometroCoFollow @BaltoMetroCo on Twitter

Twitter_BmoreInvolvedFollow @BmoreInvolved on Twitter

BRTB thanks the public for sending comments on Draft Maximize2040: A Performance-Based Transportation Plan, Air Quality Report, and amendments to the short-range Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) 

Quicklinks:  Maximize2040   |   Transportation Improvement Program Amendments   |   Air Quality Conformity Determination   |   Public Comment Period   |  For More Information


The Baltimore Regional Transportation Board (BRTB) welcomed public comments on the draft of Maximize2040: A Performance-Based Transportation Plan, two amendments to the 2016-2019 Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) and the Air Quality Conformity Determination Report from September 1 through October 15, 2015. 

On November 24, 2015, the BRTB voted to approve Maximize2040 and the corresponding Air Quality Conformity Determination via BRTB Resolution #16-9. It also voted to approve two amendments to the TIP via BRTB Resolution #16-7 and BRTB Resolution #16-8


Flyer - We Have a Plan To Improve Transportation For You - What Do You Think?Maximize2040 contains a list of the major surface transportation projects the region expects to implement. This plan, a federal requirement for surface transportation, will serve as the blueprint for fiscally constrained transportation planning in the Baltimore region from the years 2020 through 2040. The plan also establishes the region’s broad transportation goals and performance measures, which will serve as guiding principles as the region plans and carries out projects.

Maximize2040 is a carefully selected mix of projects, developed over a two-year period, which takes into account anticipated funding levels through 2040, and future trends and demographics. They promote transportation safety, improve accessibility and mobility, encourage investments in existing communities, and maintain or improve air and water quality.

   Download Icon (Downward Facing Arrow)   Download Maximize2040  (60 MB) 

List of Chapters  |  Appendices

BRTB Response to Comments   |   Comments Received

Overview   |    StoryMap  |     Executive Summary  |   Flyer (English)    |   Flyer (Spanish)


Select projects and estimated costs throughout the region in Maximize2040include:

Throughout the Baltimore Region:

  • Road widening of I-695, from I-95 to MD 122, and from I-95 to I-83, for $1.49 billion.
  • Road widening of MD 295, from I-195 to MD 100, for $287 million.
  • The Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) MARC Growth and Investment Plan, a $668 million project to improve train mainline capacity, maintenance facilities and station areas.
  • $155 million set aside for potential Complete Streets, bike and pedestrian initiatives.

Anne Arundel County:

  • Reconstructing and widening U.S. 50, from I-97 to MD 2 for $353 million.
  • Widening MD 175 from the Howard County line to MD 170 for $274 million.

Baltimore County:  Widening I-795, from Franklin to Owings Mills boulevards; adding auxiliary lanes to Owings Mills Boulevard; and adding a new interchange at Dolfield Boulevard for $219 million.

Carroll County:  Widening MD 32, from MD 26 to the Howard County line; and adding bicycle and pedestrian facilities for $189 million.

Harford County:   Widening MD 22, from MD 543 to the Aberdeen Proving Ground Gate; adding an HOV lane from Old Post Road to the Aberdeen Proving Ground Gate; and creating bicycle and pedestrian access where applicable for $537 million.

Howard County:  Adding a Bus Rapid Transit project for $480 million on U.S. 29, from Mt. Hebron to MD 198.

Baltimore City:  

  • Improving Moravia Road, from Belair Road to Sinclair Lane, with $12 million in upgrades to the roadway, curbs, sidewalks, streetscape and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) elements.
  • Constructing the Bayview MARC station, a $73 million new station on Lombard Street at Bayview Boulevard.

Download Symbol 

List of Chapters  |  Appendices

BRTB Response to Comments   |   Comments Received

Overview   |    StoryMap  |     Executive Summary  |   Flyer (English)    |   Flyer (Spanish)


Transportation Improvement Program Amendments

The 2016-2019 Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is the list of regional transportation projects requesting federal funding. It includes more than $2.5 billion in proposed federal, state and local money for highway, transit, bicycle and pedestrian projects during the next four years. The funding goes towards maintaining, operating and expanding the transportation system. The TIP is fiscally constrained.

Amendments occur in the TIP because of changes to project scope and funding or changes to federal documentation polices. Public comment periods and meetings aim to keep communication open regarding these changes.

Below, the BRTB provides summary information of the projects and changes to the TIP:

  • The MTA proposes updating the TIP to reflect the Baltimore Red Line project, a $2.65 billion 14.1-mile light rail transit line, will no longer move forward.

    At this time, the only funds being shown in the TIP are Fiscal Year 2016 state funds in the amount of $4.5 million, which will be used to close out the project. The 2016-2019 TIP Baltimore Red Line project previously allocated a total of $800 million in funding. 

Baltimore Red Line TIP Sheet

  • Baltimore City proposes adding to the TIP a new project, the $6.8 million East Baltimore Development Inc. (EBDI) Road Reconstruction. This project encompasses four square blocks north of the Johns Hopkins University East Baltimore campus at Chase and McDonogh Streets and Rutland Avenue. The roadway and infrastructure improvements are intended to support expected community and business redevelopment.

    The project utilizes funds from two SAFETEA-LU earmarks. The project allocates in both FY 2016 and FY 2017 a total of $2.72 million in federal funding and $680,000 in matching funding.


Air Quality Conformity Determination Report 

The Baltimore region does not meet Clean Air Standards and so must review its current transportation plan and program to ensure conformity with the State Air Quality Implementation Plan (SIP). The Air Quality Conformity Determination Report details a comprehensive analysis of effects of the amended 2016-2019 TIP for the Baltimore region and the long-range projects in Maximize2040. The report addresses the following criteria pollutants: ozone, fine particulate matter and carbon monoxide.

Air Quality Conformity Report   |   Appendices

Public Comment Period 

A public comment period was held from September 1 through October 15, 2015.  

BRTB Response to Comments   |   Comments Received

Calendar Icon in Red CircleDuring the comment period, six public meetings were held in locations around the region: 

  • Tuesday, September 15– 6 to 8 p.m. at the George Howard Building - Ellicott Room (3430 Courthouse Drive, Ellicott City, MD 21043) 
  • Monday, September 21 – 5:30 to 7:30 p.m.  at the Carroll County Office Building (Room 003, 225 North Center Street, Westminster, MD 21157) 
  • Monday, September 28 – 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. at the Emergency Operations Center (2220 Ady Road, Forest Hill, MD 21050) 
  • Wednesday, September 30 – 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. at Annapolis High School Cafeteria (2700 Riva Road, Annapolis, MD 21401) 
  • Wednesday, October 7 – 7 to 9 p.m. at the Baltimore County Planning Department (Jefferson Bldg., 105 W. Chesapeake Ave, 1st Floor Hearing Room, Towson, MD 21204)
  • Thursday, October 8 – 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. at the Benton Building(417 E. Fayette Street, 3rd Floor, Baltimore, MD 21202) 

In addition, a Town Call ( online or by phone) was held on Thursday, October 1 – 12 to 1 p.m. 

Comments were welcome by mail, email, survey, comment card, and on Twitter at @BaltoMetroCo, @BmoreInvolved, @Maximize2040, and with the hashtag #BRTBlistens

Comments were also welcome in person at outreach events and during the Public Comment Opportunity during the BRTB meetings on Tuesday, October 27 at 4:30 p.m. and Tuesday, November 24 at 9 a.m. (scheduled vote).  

For more information:

  • Maximize2040 – Terry Freeland,, 410-732-0500 x1028
  • 2016-2019 TIP amendments – Zach Kaufman,, 410-732-0500 x1048
  • Air Quality Conformity Determination – Sara Tomlinson,, 410-732-0500 x1035
  • Public Participation – Monica B. Haines Benkhedda,, 410-732-0500 x1047


Red Stars

Maximize2040 Sections 

Maximize2040 Appendices



For ongoing updates, please see the long-range plan in development, Maximize2040.

Plan It 2035 Approved by the BRTB

On November 14, 2011 the Baltimore Regional Transportation Board approved Plan It 2035, the region's long-range transportation plan for the years 2016 to 2035.  Plan It 2035, the FY 2012-2015 Transportation Improvement Program, and the Air Quality Conformity Determination were submitted to the Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administration, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for review and acceptance.

Plan It 2035 sets aside nearly $11.5 billion worth of projects to expand our current transportation system. This includes $6.7 billion for new and improved highways, $4.3 billion for expanded transit service, and $93 million for new and improved bicycle/pedestrian facilities.

Plan It 2035 also recognizes the importance of operating and maintaining our existing system.  As such, it designates $24 billion for system operations and $9.4 billion for system preservation.

The following sections of the Plan It 2035 are available online in PDF format:

Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: Federal Requirements
Appendix C: Public Involvement Documentation 
    Part 1 - Intro/Summary 
    Part 2 - Goals
    Part 3 - Public Project Ideas
    Part 4 - Draft Plan
Appendix D: Congestion Management Process
Appendix E: Transportation/Environmental Coordination
Appendix F: Financial Projections
Appendix G: Developing Project Cost Estimates
Appendix H: Project Evaluation Process

Print versions of Plan It 2035 and the Air Quality Conformity Determination (Download Full Air Quality Report or Appendices) are available at the Regional Information Center. 

For more information:
Terry Freeland,, 410-732-0500 x1028
Todd Lang,, 410-732-9566

Investments in the future, especially in transportation planning, require forward thinking that uses resources prudently but to their potential. In short, it maximizes. This concept of making the best use of our region’s resources is the guiding principle of Maximize2040: A Performance-Based Transportation Plan, the next long-range transportation plan developed by the Baltimore Regional Transportation Board (BRTB). 

How the BRTB  developed Maximize2040 

The eighteen-month planning process for Maximize2040 started with a public launch in March 2014 and continued through November 24, 2015 when the BRTB approved BRTB Resolution #2016-9 in support of Maximize2040 and the corresponding Air Quality Conformity Determination. 

Maximize2040 was developed with local, state, and federal agency transportation professionals, area business leaders, community advocates, and many other interested individuals and organizations. Key steps in the planning process included:

Maximize2040 CoverDraft and Final Plan 
A draft list of projects, commonly referred to as the Preferred Alternative, was developed and released for public comment from September 1 through October 15, 2015.  Comments from the public and BRTB advisory groups were reviewed and, when feasible, incorporated into the final plan. The BRTB voted to adopt the final plan at its meeting on Tuesday, November 24, 2015.  The plan received federal approval on January 15, 2016.

Maximize2040 Download BarLearn more or Download Maximize2040  

BRTB Response to Comments   |   Comments Received  


I-95 Widening Project (August 2016)

MD 32 Widening Proj ect (July 2016)

Maximize2040 Amendments Summary


Maximize2040 Public Project Ideas Map

Call for Projects + Public Project Ideas 

Maximize2040 includes a mix of projects that add to or enhance our region’s transportation network and may receive federal funding in the years 2020-2040. These include transit, bicycle, pedestrian, and highway and interchange projects. The BRTB also includes projects that help the system function more efficiently.  

The BRTB conducted outreach and invited project ideas from individuals and organizations from September 9 through December 9, 2014. The public shared about 1,150 project ideas as a result of this effort.

Full Report of Public Project Ideas    |   Interactive map   |   Infographic 

 Performance Measures   

Consistent with MAP-21’s emphasis on performance-based planning, the BRTB has established several performance measures and targets for Maximize2040. These will enable the BRTB to monitor and evaluate, over time, the performance of the region’s transportation system relative to the regional goals. During the development of these measures and targets, the BRTB consulted with the Federal Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration, the Maryland Department of Transportation, and the BRTB advisory committees, including the Public Advisory Committee. 

 BRTB Resolution #15-16 on Maximize2040 Performance Measures (December 2014) 

Screenshot: Preparing for the Future Survey Results infographic

Scenario Planning
One of the goals of Maximze2040 is “Promote Informed Decision Making.” This goal is consistent with MAP‐21’s emphasis on performance‐based planning and programming. That is, monitoring the performance of transportation systems to make sure the region is getting the best “bang for the buck” with its investments. A basic question is “How can the region make informed decisions about the future, especially when there are a lot of uncertainties about the future?” 

To reach that goal, the BRTB sought out opinions from the public and regional experts.

More than 200 people throughout the Baltimore region participated in a survey that asked about the social, economic, technological, environmental and political forces that could play a role in long-range transportation planning. 

Survey Results Infographic  |  Preparing for the Future: Big Ideas Infographic

From those results, the BRTB crafted three extreme scenarios, and invited experts from around the Baltimore region to provide insight about how to craft Maximize2040 to reflect possible trends and events.

See highlights in our infographic   |    Read our Report: Preparing for an Uncertain Future

Project Evaluation Process 

The BRTB developed evaluation and scoring criteria for candidate highway and transit projects for Maximize2040, in consultation with federal, state, and local agencies. This  project evaluation process is also sometimes referred to as prioritization.  

BRTB Resolution #15-13 on Maximize2040 Evaluation Criteria (November 2014) 

Financial Forecast 
The projects listed in the draft plan are a carefully selected mix that takes into account the level of resources that can reasonably be expected to be available through 2040.

Financial Forecast (October 2014)

Demographic and Socioeconomic Projections 
Planning a transportation system for generations to come is a complex task. How many people will live here? Where will they work? What kind of transportation service will they want and need? 

Population, Household, and Employment Forecasts (June 2014)

Flyer - Maximize2040 Comment Period
Goals and Strategies 

The first step in looking at the region’s transportation needs and challenges over the next 25 years is to develop an overarching set of guiding goals and strategies. The BRTB welcomed comments on draft goals and strategies for Maximize2040 from Friday, March 14 through Monday, April 14, 2014.   The BRTB approved the final Goals for Maximize2040 on April 29, 2014. 

Maximize2040 Goals 

Comments received  |  BRTB Response to Comments on Goals


Maximize2040 FlyerPublic Outreach and Engagement 

Throughout the planning process to develop Maximize2040, the BRTB provided members of the public opportunities to share their project ideas, provide comment on draft plans, attend public meetings, and give the BRTB feedback.  



About the BRTB and Maximize2040
The Baltimore Regional Transportation Board (BRTB) is the federally recognized metropolitan planning organization (MPO) for transportation in the region. The Baltimore Metropolitan Council (BMC) provides the BRTB with technical and staff support.

Maximize2040 contains a list of the major transportation projects the region expects to implement between 2020 and 2040 such as major highway reconstruction or a new light rail line. It also will establish the region’s broad transportation goals and strategies, which will serve as the framework for planning and completing projects. Maximize2040 was approved by the BRTB on November 24, 2015. Federal approval is anticipated in early 2016. 

Creating a long-range transportation plan is a federal requirement for the BRTB as the region’s MPO. Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) is the law that establishes the requirements of, and authorizes the funding for, federal surface transportation programs.


For more information:
Terry Freeland,, 410-732-0500 x1028
Monica B. Haines Benkhedda,, 410-732-0500 x1047

Twitter_BaltometroCoFollow @BaltoMetroCo on Twitter

Twitter_BmoreInvolvedFollow @BmoreInvolved on Twitter

Project Information

About the Amendment

I-95 Project

Project Sponsor
Maryland Transportation  Authority

Date of BRTB Approval
August 23, 2016 

Purpose of Amendment 
This amendment adds, as a new project, the road widening of I-95 from Moravia Road to the Fort McHenry Tunnel. The project will reconfigure (restripe) I-95 to provide four continuous mainline lanes in each direction, as well as provide lane continuity and additional capacity along this segment of I-95. 

This work will project will address existing congestion and to accommodate diverted traffic from I-895 that will result from MDTA’s Canton Viaduct Project.

MD 32, Linden Church Road to I-70

Project Sponsor
Maryland State Highway Administration

Date of BRTB Approval
July 26, 2016


Purpose of Amendment 
This amendment is to widen MD 32 in both directions from two to four lanes (Phase 2 of MD 32 project).

This work will reduce congestion, as well as improve operations and safety. 

MD 32, MD 108 to Linden Church Rd

Project Sponsor
Maryland State Highway Administration

Date of BRTB Approval
April 26, 2016

Purpose of Amendment 
This amendment is to widen MD 32 in both directions from two to four lanes (Phase 1 of MD 32 project).

This work will reduce congestion, as well as improve operations and safety. 


For more information:
Terry Freeland, or 410-732-0500 x1028
Todd Lang, or 410-732-0500 x1044